COS - Glossary
|Active Server Pages (ASP)||Active Server Pages (ASP) is a Microsoft™ product. Abbreviated as ASP, a specification for a dynamically created Web page with a .ASP extension that utilizes ActiveX scripting -- usually VB Script or Jscript code. When a browser requests an ASP, the Web server generates a page with HTML code and sends it back to the browser.|
Short for Web Browser, a software application used to locate and display Web pages. The two most popular browsers are Netscape Navigator and Microsoft Internet Explorer. Both of these are graphical browsers, which means that they can display graphics as well as text. In addition, most modern browsers can present multimedia information, including sound and video, though they require plug-ins for some formats. Other examples of Web Browsers are:
|Cascading Style Sheet (CSS)||CSS, short for Cascading Style Sheets, a new feature being added to HTML that gives both Web site developers and users more control over how pages are displayed. With CSS, designers and users can create style sheets that define how different elements, such as headers and links, appear. These Style Sheets can then be applied to any Web page.|
|Cookie||A message given to a Web browser by a Web server. The browser stores the message in a text file. The message is then sent back to the server each time the browser requests a page from the server.|
|Database||Often abbreviated DB. A collection of information organized in such a way that a computer program can quickly select desired pieces of data. You can think of a Database as an electronic filing system.|
|DNS||Short for Domain Name System (or Service), DNS is an Internet service that translates domain names into IP addresses. Because domain names are alphabetic, they're easier to remember. The Internet however, is really based on IP addresses. Every time you use a domain name, therefore, a DNS service must translate the name into the corresponding IP address. For example, the domain name www.example.com might translate to 126.96.36.199.|
|Dynamic (Content)||Refers to actions that take place at the moment they are needed rather than in advance. Dynamic content refers to content that exists in a Database on the web Server that is pulled or placed on the page a User is currently viewing.|
A feature supported by most modern Web browsers than enables the Web author to divide the browser display area into two or more sections (frames). The contents of each frame are taken from a different Web page. Frames provide great flexibility in designing Web pages, but many designers avoid them because they are supported unevenly by current Browsers.
Frames make it near impossible for Search Engines to accuratley link toWeb pages. Frame-based web sites are also not Accessible by impaired users.
A hexidecimal (Hex) color is a six digit alpha numeric representation for colors on the web. The hex colors are browser safe colors that ensure cross browser / cross platform compatibility and consistency.
|Home Page||The main page of a Web site. Typically, the home page serves as an index or table of contents to other documents stored at the site.|
HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language, is the authoring language used to create documents on the World Wide Web.
Hyper-link Text or text link, is a word, phrase or an image that when clicked takes the user to a different web page. Here is a sample hyper-link:
|Includes||'Includes' refer to an element of code.|
|IP or IP Address||
An identifier for a computer or device on a TCP/IP network. Networks using the TCP/IP protocol route messages based on the IP address of the destination. The format of an IP address is a 32-bit numeric address written as four numbers separated by periods. Each number can be zero to 255.
For example, 188.8.131.52.
|Operating System||The most important program that runs on a computer. Every general-purpose computer must have an operating system to run other programs. Operating systems perform basic tasks, such as recognizing input from the keyboard, sending output to the display screen, keeping track of files and directories on the disk, and controlling peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers.|
|PHP||Self-referentially short for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor, an open source, server-side, HTML embedded scripting language used to create Dynamic Web pages. Files created with PHP have the file extension .php.|
|Plug-in||A hardware or software module that adds a specific feature or service to a larger system.|
A program that searches documents for specified keywords and returns a list of the documents where the keywords were found, most often Web pages. Some popular Search Engines include:
|SQL||Abbreviation of Structured Query Language, and pronounced either see-kwell or as separate letters. SQL is a standardized query language for requesting information from a Database.|
|Static||Generally refers to elements of the Internet or computer programming that are fixed and not capable of action or change. The opposite of static is dynamic.|
A hierarchical visual model of the pages of a Web site. Site maps help users navigate through a Web site that has more than one page by showing the user a diagram of the entire site's contents. Similar to a book's table of contents, the site map makes it easier for a user to find information on a site without having to navigate through the site's many pages. Also, in SEO, a site map can make it easier for a search engine spider to find all a site's pages.
The Template Page is a page built, coded, based on an approved design. This page serves as the model for every page on the website.
|Web Server||A computer that delivers (serves up) Web pages. Every Web server has an IP address and possibly a domain name. For example, if you enter the URL http://www.pcwebopedia.com/index.html in your browser, this sends a request to the server whose domain name is pcwebopedia.com. The server then fetches the page named index.html and sends it to your browser.|